Road construction outside Java is one of the infrastructure priorities in the era of President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) and Vice President Jusuf Kalla (JK). This is to encourage economic equality throughout Indonesia
One of this road construction program is carried out in Papua and West Papua. In these provinces, road construction is divided into 3 categories, namely national roads, trans-Papua road, and the parallel road of the Papua border.
In 2015 to 2019, the construction of the trans-Papua road is a top priority. The total length of trans-Papua which is targeted to be completed entirely by the end of 2019 is 4,330 KM. The focus of the trans-Papua development is on the regency and city roads that have not yet functioned. The connection of these road segments will later open the isolation of remote areas.
If so, how much is the achievement of trans-Papua development in the era of Jokowi’s administration? The following is the full data and review:
Based on data from the Directorate General of Highways of the Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing (Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat or PUPR), the total length of trans-Papua roads in Papua and West Papua provinces that have been connected until 2014 is 3,263 KM.
Until the end of 2014, the trans-Papua road in Papua Province had reached 2,343 KM with 865 KM of unlinked roads. Whereas for trans-Papua in West Papua Province, it only reached 920 KM with the remaining roads that have not been connected is 151 KM until 2014. The remaining unconnected roads are targeted to be completed within 2015-2019 development period.
Trans-Papua in the Papua Province that has been connected reaches 2,907 KM from a total length of 3,259 KM until the end of 2017. The projection of the trans-Papua road in Papua Province which is built in the range of 2015-2019 is 865 KM.
While the total trans-Papua road in West Papua Province which was built in the 2015-2018 period is 150 KM. Currently the trans-Papua road in West Papua Province has reached all the targeted 1,071 KM.
During 2015-2019, the government will complete 1,066 KM of the trans-Papua road so that it becomes functional or can be passed entirely. All trans-Papua roads will be completed by the end of 2019, through 865 KM of new road construction in Papua Province and 151 KM in West Papua Province.
The 4,330 KM trans-Papua road is targeted to be connected entirely until the end of 2019. The road consists of 3,259 KM in Papua Province and 1,070 KM in West Papua Province.
However, not all trans-Papua lines will be asphalted like ordinary roads in general. Based on data from the Directorate General of Highways, until the end of 2019 there will still be around 1,678 KM of roads that are not yet asphalted in Papua Province.
As for the Province of West Papua, the asphalt road until the end of 2019 has reached 691.23 KM and the land was 379.39 KM. As for the end of the year, the asphalt roads is expected to reached 643.92 KM and 426.7 KM of non asphalted road.
Thus, the total length of trans-Papua roads that have not been asphalted until the end of 2019 is around 2,057 KM. It consists of 379.39 KM in West Papua Province and 1,678 KM in Papua Province.
The Minister of Public Works and Public Housing Basuki Hadimuljono said that the trans-Papua development in the current administration was carried out on a larger scale. This can be seen from the large budget allocation for infrastructure development in Papua.
“We are giving a much bigger budget. In his government (Jokowi), the budget for Papua is IDR 6 trillion, before it is shared with West Papua. (If) we see the previous data, surely (the amount) is smaller,” Basuki said when met in his office in Jakarta (Friday, September 14, 2018).
Basuki also said that the greater the infrastructure development budget allocated to the Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing, the greater the budget allocated to Papua.
“In the ministry before, in 2014, (budget for Papua) also had reached IDR 60 trillion (with a total budget before deduction was IDR 70 trillion). Then (the budget) rose to IDR 100 trillion in 2015. Then (the budget) is maintained (at this amount). That gives (the opportunity to) prioritize (the budget) for Papua,” he added.
Based on data from the Directorate General of Highways of the Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing, the construction of national roads in the Papua-West Papua Province from 2015 to 2018 has reached 1,982 KM. The 1,982 KM of roads that have been built consist of 791 KM in 2015, 477 KM in 2016, 345 KM in 2017 and 369 KM in 2018.
While for road maintenance during the 2015-2018 period is targeted to reach 14,367 KM. The 14,367 KM of road length consists of 2,933 KM in 2015, 3,625 KM in 2016, 3,969 KM in 2017 and 3,840 KM in 2018.
The acceleration of infrastructure development in Papua is based on Presidential Instruction No. 5 of 2007 concerning the Acceleration of the Development of Papua and West Papua. The Ministry is tasked with building 11 strategic segments along 3,131.6 KM (1,070.95 KM in West Papua Province and 2,060.65 KM in Papua Province).
Through the President Instruction, the total construction of national roads in the provinces of Papua and West Papua from 2005 to 2014 was recorded at 4,040 KM. While the total maintenance of national roads in the two provinces in the same period was 18,263 KM.